Understanding Heart Conditions

There are various types of heart conditions. Learning about them and their symptoms, prevention, and treatment is necessary for avoiding heart diseases and their adverse consequences.

Dr. Tamkeen Kinah is dedicated to providing you with valuable insights into various heart-related issues, including coronary artery disease, irregularities in heart rhythm, heart failure, heart valve disease, pericardial disease, disease of the heart muscles (cardiomyopathy) and by birth heart disease (congenital heart disease).

Heart Conditions - Dr Tamkeen Kinah

Common Symptoms of Heart Conditions

Understanding the symptoms of heart conditions is essential for early detection and timely intervention. Here are some common symptoms to be aware of:

  • Chest Pain: Chest pain or discomfort is a classic symptom of heart problems, often described as a squeezing or pressure-like sensation 
  • Shortness of Breath: If you experience breathing difficulty, especially during running or other physical activity or when lying flat,  could be a sign of heart trouble.
  • Dizziness or Lightheadedness: Feeling dizzy or lightheaded can also be a symptom of heart disease
  • Palpitations and Irregular Heartbeats: Sensations of rapid, pounding, or irregular heartbeats can be indicative of arrhythmias or other heart conditions.
  • Swelling in the Legs, Ankles, Feet: Accumulation of fluid in these areas, known as edema, can result from heart failure.
  • Cyanosis: A bluish tint to the lips, fingers, or toes: They may suggest poor oxygen circulation, often seen in heart conditions.


In the following conditions, patients are at higher risk of having heart disease.

  • High Blood Pressure: Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a major  risk factor for heart disease.
  • High Cholesterol: Elevated levels of LDL (“bad”) cholesterol or low levels of HDL (“good”) cholesterol is also a major risk factor for  heart disease.
  • High Blood Sugar: Uncontrolled diabetes can increase your risk of heart disease many folds.

Types of Heart conditions

There are various types of heart disease, each with its own set of symptoms and treatment options. 

Dr. Tamkeen Kinah is here to help you understand these conditions better:

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

CAD is the most common heart problem and often begins with deposition of fat (atherosclerotic plaque) in the arteries of the heart. This condition leads to reduced blood flow to the heart, resulting in chest pain (angina) or even a heart attack.

Irregular rhythm (Arrhythmias)

Arrhythmias are irregular heart rhythms which can develop on their own or as a result of other heart issues.

Heart Failure

It may occur when the heart cannot effectively pump blood to meet the body’s needs. It can be caused by various factors, including coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and many other medical conditions.

Heart Conditions - Dr Tamkeen Kinah

Heart Valve Disease

Your heart has four valves that can become damaged, leading to tightening or loosening of the valves . Causes include infections, congenital heart disease, and other cardiac conditions.

Pericardial Disease

The pericardial disease involves inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart (pericardium) and can be caused by infections or inflammatory disorders.

Cardiomyopathy (Heart Muscle Disease)

Cardiomyopathy results in changes to the heart muscle, making it weaker or stiffer. The causes  include genetic factors, reactions to drugs or toxins, and infections.

Congenital Heart Disease

These are heart abnormalities present at birth, which may manifest symptoms in infancy or adulthood.

Prevention and Treatment

Preventing heart disease is crucial for a healthy life. Lifestyle changes, medications and surgical and nonsurgical  interventions can play a vital role in managing heart conditions. Dr. Tamkeen is committed to providing you with information on prevention strategies and the latest advancements in heart disease treatment.

Remember, early detection and proper management are key to improving your heart health. Stay informed and take preventive steps to protect your heart. If you have any questions about any relevant symptoms, don’t hesitate to contact Dr. Tamkeen Kinah for expert guidance and personalized care.

Some Must Know FAQ's

You can do so by

  • Maintaining lifestyle. Eating a nourished, balanced diet, exercising, avoiding smoking and restricting  alcohol consumption.
  • Keeping your blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood sugar in check through regular monitoring and medical guidance.
  • Managing stress through relaxation techniques, mindfulness, and seeking support from friends and family.

Possibly the following tips might help you:

  • Maintain a low-sodium diet.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Take prescribed medications regularly.
  • Reduce stress through relaxation techniques.
  • Monitor your blood pressure regularly at home.
  • Chest pain or discomfort that radiates to your arm, neck, or jaw.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Cold sweat, nausea, or lightheadedness.
  • Unexplained fatigue.
  • It’s essential to call emergency services immediately if you suspect a heart attack.

Family history can play a role in heart disease risk. If you have close relatives with heart disease, you may be at a higher risk. However, lifestyle factors also significantly influence your risk.

Yes, women can have atypical heart attack symptoms, such as nausea, back or jaw pain, and shortness of breath, which may not include the classic chest pain. It’s important to be aware of these differences.

Yes, athletes can be at risk for heart conditions, although regular physical activity generally promotes heart health. In some cases, endurance exercise can increase the risk. Athletes should be aware of potential risks and undergo regular medical check-ups.

Warning signs include unexplained fatigue, chest pain or discomfort, palpitations, dizziness, fainting, or shortness of breath during exercise. These symptoms should not be ignored and warrant a medical evaluation.

Dr. Tamkeen Kinah is here to provide comprehensive information and support for all your heart-related concerns. If you have additional questions or need personalized guidance, please don’t hesitate to reach out for assistance and care to the expert for heart conditions Dubai.

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